Leukaemias - Blood Cancer



Malignant diseases of the bone marrow

Accounting for 30% of all childhood cancers and with an incidence of about 650 newly diagnosed young patients per year, leukaemias, myeloproliferative and myeloblastic diseases are the most frequent malignancies in children and teenagers in Germany. They originate in the bone marrow, where blood cells are produced. Typical for these diseases is unlimited proliferation of immature white blood cells. There are lymphoblastic and myeloid leukaemias, the courses of which can be either acute or chronic. In childhood and adolescence, over 95% of leukaemias are acute, which means they are usually progressing fast.


Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

Accounting for 80 % of all childhood leukaemias, ALL is the most frequent blood cancer in children and teenagers. Here you will find our information on this disease and the corresponding current treatment concepts.


Acute myeloid leukaemia

About 15 % to 20 % of leukaemias in children and teenagers are AMLs. Here, you will find our information on this disease as well as the corresponding current treatment concepts.

Clinical trials and registries

Almost all European children and teenagers with leukaemia are treated according to standardised, continuously optimised protocols based on clinical trials (or registries). Currently active trials / registries:

Literature and
work material

Treatment guidelines, follow-up plans, reports on clinical trials and additional related information:

For more reading

You will find a selection of additional information on leukaemias provided by external sources here: